Gelu Costin


Room Number: KWGL 329
(713) 348-2054
Google Scholar Link

Biographical Info

Date and place of birth: Fetesti (Romania)
Preferred name: Gabi


2001: PhD in Earth Sciences – “Jean Monnet” University of Saint-Etienne (France). Distinction: “Très honorable avec felicitations”. The thesis concerned with bulk rock chemistry, trace elements, REE and Sr and Nd isotopes of eclogites, meta-gabbros and amphibolites in the Topolog-Cumpana area, Fagaras Mts., South Carpathians.
2000. PhD in Geology-Petrology - University of Bucharest (Romania). Distinction: "Summa Cum Laudae". The thesis concerned with the mineralogy and thermobarometry of eclogites, meta-gabbros, amphibolites and gneissic country rocks from Fagaras Mts, South Carpathians.
1997: TEMPUS project - Saint-Etienne, three months – Education training to develop the MASTER Center in Geosciences at the University of Bucharest (supervisor: prof. Rene-Pierre Menot)
1996: TEMPRA scholarship (three months) – Invited Professor by Rhône-Alpes Region (France). Training on scientific research related to teaching and related researching in igneous and metamorphic petrology and geochemistry - “Jean Monnet” University - Saint-Etienne;
1983-1988: BSc (and MSc). University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geology and Geophysics (five years degree, MSc equivalent) Degree obtained: Engineer in Geology and Geophysics. Graduation thesis: «Mineralogy and petrology of the ultramafic rocks from Cibin Mts., South Carpathians ». Final grade after five years study: 9.14 (out of maximum 10); -final grade for the diploma thesis defense: 10 (out of maximum 10).
1978-1982: “Spiru Haret” High School, Bucharest, Romania. Strong math and physics; Practical works on electronics for automate processes.

Awards & Honors

Romanian Academy Award (Ludovic Mrazec Prize) - December 2019

Director of Research grants:

2010-2014: Research grant (JRC) funded by Rhodes University: Chromium behavior in high-pressure rocks: case studies from orogenic eclogites and xenoliths from kimberlites

2011-2012: Research grant (JRC) funded by Rhodes University: Chromium behavior at high pressure in lherzolitic systems: a case study from garnet lherzolite (Kimberley, Bultfontain mine, South Africa)

2006-2008: Competition grant (funded by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research with the participation of the University of Saint-Etienne, France): “Residues of partial melting in continental crust; new petrogenetic and geotectonic significances”.

2002-2006: Competition grant (funded by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research with the participation of the University of Saint-Etienne, France): “Partial melting and metasomatism in high-pressure rocks”.

2000-2002: Competition grant (funded by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research with the participation of the University of Saint-Etienne, France): “Mineral processes at the crust-mantle boundary: petrological evidences from South Carpathians”.

Scientific reports on: i)Petrogenesis and metamorphic-uplift evolution of alpine type peridotites from South Carpathians (garnet peridotites with hydrated inclusions in garnet); ii) Subsolidus and partial melting processes of ultramafic xenoliths from Trestia-Racoş , Romania; iii) Melting models of garnet-bearing pyroxenite xenoliths (by MELTS software); iv) Petrology and thermobarometry of eclogites and related ultramafites from Cibin Massifs (South Carpathians)

1997-1999: Competition grant (Romanian Ministry of Education and Research with the participation of the University of Saint-Etienne): “High-pressure rocks from the South Carpathians”.


EPMA, Mineralogy, Thermodynamic modelling, Mantle petrology, Eclogites, Bushveld Complex


My research interest ranges from pure mineralogy to petrology of basic layered intrusions to deep mantle mineralogy and geochemistry. Using various analytical techniques combined with thermodynamic modelling, and based on constrains such as mineral composition and microtextural context, I try to understand petrogenetic links between mantle and crustal processes, with emphasis to ore deposits.

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Selected Publications

Moore, A., Costin, G, Proyer, A. (2021). Cognate versus xenocrystic olivines in kimberlites – A review, Earth-Science Reviews, j.earscirev.2021.103771

Yudovskaya, M.A., Costin, G., Sluzhenikin, S.F. et al. (2021). Hybrid norite and the fate of argillaceous to anhydritic shales assimilated by Bushveld melts. Miner Deposita 56, 73–90.

Anand B. Puthirath, et al. (2021). Apparent Ferromagnetism in Exfoliated Ultrathin Pyrite Sheets. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C Article ASAP. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c04977

Puthirath, A. B., Shirodkar, S. N., Gao, G., Hernandez, F. C. R., Deng, L., Dahal, R., … Ajayan, P. M. (2020). Scale-Enhanced Magnetism in Exfoliated Atomically Thin Magnetite Sheets. Small, 16(45), 1–8.

Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Lynch, E. P., Arvanitidis, N., Bergqvist, M., Costin, G., … Stoilov, V. (2020). Mineralogical setting of precious metals at the assarel porphyry copper-gold deposit, bulgaria, as supporting information for the development of new drill core 3d xct-xrf scanning technology. Minerals, 10(11), 1–23.

Tang, M., Lee, C. A., Ji, W., Wang, R., & Costin, G. (2020). Crustal thickening and endogenic oxidation of magmatic sulfur. Science Advances, (July), 1–6.

Moine, B. N., Radu, I. B., Ionov, D. A., Costin, G., Golovin, A. V, Oleinikov, O. B., … Korsakov, A. V. (2020). Molecular hydrogen in minerals as a clue to interpret deltaD variations in the mantle. Nature Communications, (2020), 1–10.

Yudovskaya, M.A., Costin, G., Sluzhenikin, S.F. et al. (2020). Hybrid norite and the fate of argillaceous to anhydritic shales assimilated by Bushveld melts. Miner Deposita.

Scoon, R. N., Costin, G., Mitchell, A., & Moine, B. (2020). Non-sequential injection of PGE-rich ultramafic sills in the Platreef Unit at Akanani, Northern Limb of the Bushveld Complex: Evidence from Sr and Nd isotopic systematics. Journal of Petrology.

Latypov, R., Chistyakova, S., Costin, G., Namur, O. & Barnes, S. (2020). Monomineralic anorthosites in layered intrusions are indicators of the magma chamber replenishment by plagioclase-only-saturated melts. Scientific Reports. Springer US 1–14.

Swaminathan, J., Puthirath, A. B., Sahoo, M. R., Nayak, S. K., Costin, G., Vajtai, R., Shari, T. & Ajayan, P. M. (2019). Tuning the Electrocatalytic Activity of Co3O4 through discrete elemental doping. ACS Applied Material and Interfaces.

Tang, M., Lee, C. A., Costin, G., Höfer, H. E. (2019). Recycling reduced iron at the base of magmatic orogens. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. Elsevier B.V. 528, 115827.

Yudovskaya, M. A., Costin, G., Shilovskikh, V., Chaplygin, I., Mccreesh, M. & Kinnaird, J. (2019). Bushveld symplectic and sieve textured chromite is a result of coupled dissolution reprecipitation : a comparison with xenocrystic chromite reactions in arc basalt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. Springer Berlin Heidelberg 3, 174, 74, 1-21

Swaminathan, J., Puthirath, A. B., Sahoo, M. R., Nayak, S. K., Costin, G., Vajtai, R., Shari, T. & Ajayan, P. M. (2019). Tuning the Electrocatalytic Activity of Co3O4 through discrete elemental doping. ACS Applied Material and Interfaces.

Moya, J. M., Huang, C., Choe, J., Costin, G., Foster, M. S. & Morosan, E. (2019). Effect of synthesis conditions on the electrical resistivity of TiSe2. Physical Review Materials. American Physical Society 3, 84005.

Costin, G., Götz, A. E. & Ruckwied, K. (2019). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology Sedimentary organic matter characterization of the Whitehill shales ( Karoo Basin , South Africa ): An integrated quantitative approach using. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. Elsevier B.V. 268, 29–42.

Grewal, D.S., Dasgupta, R., Homes, A., Costin, G., Li, Y., Tsuno, K. (2019) . The fate of nitrogen during core-mantle separation on Earth. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 251, 87-115. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2019.02.009

Radu, I. B., Harris, C., Moine, B. N., Costin, G. & Yves, J. (2019). Subduction relics in the subcontinental lithospheric mantle evidence from variation in the δ 18 O value of eclogite xenoliths from the Kaapvaal craton. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 174: 19,

Roberts, R. J., Lehong, K. D., Botha, A. E. J., Costin, G., De Beer, F. C., Hoffman, W. J. & Hetherington, C. J. (2019). Clinopyroxene megacrysts from Marion Island, Antarctic Ocean: evidence for a late stage shallow origin. Miner. Petrol. 1438-1168, 1-13.

Grewal, D. S., Dasgupta, R., Sun, C., Tsuno, K. & Costin, G. (2019). Delivery of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur to the silicate Earth by a giant impact. Science Advances, 5: eaau3669, 1–12. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau3669.

Tang, M., Lee, C. A., Chen, K., Erdman, M., Costin, G. & Jiang, H. (2019). Nb/Ta systematics in arc magma differentiation and the role of arclogites in continent formation. Nature Communications, 10, 235, 1–8.

Yudovskaya, M.A., Sluzhenikin, S.F., Costin, G., Shatagin, K.N., Dubinina, E.O., Grobler, D.F., (2018). Anhydrite assimilation by ultramafic melts of the Bushveld Complex, and its consequences to petrology and mineralization. Chapter 9 Anhydrite Assimilation by Ultramafic Melts of the Bushveld Complex and Its Consequences to Petrology and Mineralization. SEG Spec Publ 2018;21:177–206. doi:10.5382/sp.21.09.

Scoon, R.N. and Costin, G. (2018). Chemistry, Morphology and Origin of Magmatic-Reaction Chromite Stringers Associated with Anorthosite in the Upper Critical Zone at Winnaarshoek, Eastern Limb of the Bushveld Complex. J Petrol 2018;59:1551–78. doi:10.1093/petrology/egy071.

Balan, P.A., Radhakrishnan, S., Kumar, R., Neupane, R., Sinha, S.K., Deng, L., de los Reyes, C.A., Apte, A., Rao, B.M., Paulose, M., Vajtai, R., Chu, C.W., Costin, G., Marti, A.A., Varghese, O.K., Singh, A.K., Tiwary, C.S., Anantharaman, M.R., Ajayan, P.M.,(2018). A non-van der Waals 2D Material from natural titanium mineral ore Ilmenite. Chemistry of Materials, p acs.chemmater.8b01935.

Sharifi, T., Yazdi, S., Costin, G., Apte, A., Coulter, G., Tiwary, C., and Ajayan, P.M. (2018). Impurity controlled crystal growth in low dimensional bismuth telluride. Chemistry of Materials, p. acs.chemmater.8b02548. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b02548.

Yadav, T. P., Shirodkar, S. N., Lertcumfu, N., Radhakrishnan, S., Sayed, F. N., Malviya, K. D., ...Costin, G., ...Ajayan, P. M. (2018). Chromiteen: A New 2D Oxide Magnetic Material from Natural Ore. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 1800549, 1800549.

Balan, A. P., Radhakrishnan, S., Woellner, C. F., Sinha, S. K., Deng, L., Reyes, C. D. L., … Costin, G., ….Ajayan, P. M. (2018). Exfoliation of a non-van der Waals material from iron ore hematite. Nature Nanotechnology.

Latypov, R., Costin, G., Chistyakova, S., Hunt, E. J., Mukherjee, R. & Naldrett, T. (2018). Platinum-bearing chromite layers are caused by pressure reduction during magma ascent. Nature Communications. Springer US 9, 462.

Wei, Q., Dai, S., Lefticariu, L. & Costin, G. (2018). Electron probe microanalysis of major and trace elements in coals and their low-temperature ashes from the Wulantuga and Lincang Ge ore deposits, China. Fuel. Elsevier 215, 1–12.

Sharifi, T., Zhang, X., Costin, G., Yazdi, S., Woellner, C. F., Liu, Y., Tiwary, C. S. & Ajayan, P. (2017). Thermoelectricity Enhanced Electrocatalysis. Nano Letters acs.nanolett.7b04244

Scoon, R N, Costin, G, Grabe, P. J. (2017). Geology and origin of the Vanadiferous Fe-Ti Oxide-rich Kennedy’s Vale Discordant Body, Eastern Limb of the Bushveld Complex , South Africa. South African Journal of Geology 120, 251–270.

Yudovskaya, M. A., Kinnaird, J. A., Grobler, D. F., Costin, G., Abramova, V. D., Dunnett, T. & Barnes, S.-J. (2017). Zonation of Merensky-style platinum-group element mineralization in turfspruit thick reef facies (Northern limb of the Bushveld complex). Economic Geology 112, 1333–1365.

Munteanu, M., Wilson, A. H., Costin, G., Yao, Y., Lum, J. E., Jiang, S. & Jourdan, F. (2017). The Mafic – Ultramafic Dykes in the Yanbian Terrane ( Sichuan Province , SW China ): Record of Magma Differentiation and Emplacement in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province. Journal of Petrology 58, 1–25.

Johannes Giebel, R., Gauert, C. D. K., Marks, M. A. W., Costin, G. & Markl, G. (2017). Multi-stage formation of REE minerals in the Palabora Carbonatite Complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist 102, 1218–1233.

Götz, A. E., Montenari, M. & Costin, G. (2017). Silicification and organic matter preservation in the Anisian Muschelkalk: Implications for the basin dynamics of the central European Muschelkalk Sea. Central European Geology 1–18.

Chithambo, M. L. & Costin, G. (2016). Temperature-dependence of time-resolved optically stimulated luminescence and composition heterogeneity of synthetic α-Al2O3:C. Journal of Luminescence. Elsevier 182, 252–262.

Costin, G., Fairey, B., Tsikos, H. & Gucsik, A. (2016). Tokyoite, As-Rich Tokyoite, and Noélbensonite: New Occurrences From the Postmasburg Manganese Field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist 53, 981–990.

Moore, A. and Costin, G. (2016). Kimberlitic olivines derived from the Cr-poor and Cr-rich megacryst suites. Lithos, 258-259, 215-227

Ogundare, F.O., Alatishe, M.A., Chithambo, M.L. & Costin, G. (2016). Thermoluminescence of kunzite: A study of kinetic processes and dosimetry characteristics. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. Elsevier B.V. 373, 44–51.

Yudovskaya, Marina, A., Naldrett, A.J., Woolfe, J.A.S., Costin, G., and Kinnaird, Judith, A. (2015). Reverse Compositional Zoning in the Uitkomst Chromitites as an Indication of Crystallisation in a Magmatic Conduit. J. of Petrology, December 4, 1-21, doi:10.1093/petrology/egv062

Cioacă, M.E., Munteanu M., Qi., and Costin G (2014). Trace elements concentration in several porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39

Cioacă, M.E, Munteanu, M., Qi L, Costin, G. and Costea, C. (2013). – Preliminary data on the trace elements in Moldova Noua porphyry copper deposit (Romania). Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5) 889

Eales, H.V. and Costin, G.(2012). Crustally contaminated komatiite: primary source of the chromitites and Marginal, Lower and Critical Zone Magmas in a staging chamber beneath the Bushveld Complex. Econ. Geol. v. 107, pp. 645–665

Büttner, S. and Costin, G. (2010). Post-kinematic recovery of fractured cordierite in the lower amphibolite facies: the significance of cation diffusion for retrograde partial mineral breakdown. Miner. Petrol. 100 : 105-125

Yang, H., Downs, RT, Burt, J.B, Costin, G. (2009). Structure refinement of an untwinned single crystal of Ag-excess fizélyite, Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S48, The Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1257-1264

Righter, K., Yang, H., Costin, G., Downs, R.T. (2008). Oxygen fugacity in the Martian mantle controlled by carbon: New constraints from the nakhlite MIL 03346 Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43, 1709-1723

Burt, J.B., Downs, R.T., Costin, G. (2007) Single-crystal X-ray refinement of wilkinsonite, Na2Fe2+4Fe3+2Si6O20. Acta Crystallographica E63, i122-i124

Fritz, E.A., Laurs, B.M., Downs, R.T., Costin, G. (2007). Yellowish green diopside and tremolite from Merelani, Tanzania. Gems & Gemology 43, 146-148

Yang, H., Sano, J.L., Eichler, C., Downs, R.T., Costin, G. (2007). Iranite, CuPb10(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2, isomorphous with hemihedrite. Acta Crystallographica C63, i122-i124

Yang, H., Costin, G., Keogh, .J, Lu, R., Downs, R.T. (2007). Cobaltaustinite, CaCo(AsO4)(OH) Acta Crystallographica E63, i53-i55

Yang, H,, Hubler, D.K., Lavina, B., Downs, R.T., Costin, G. (2007). Tyrrellite, Cu(Co0.68Ni0.32)2Se4, isostructural with spinel Acta Crystallographica C63, i73-i74

Yang, H,, Zwick, J., Downs, R.T., Costin, G. (2007). Isokite, CaMg(PO4)F0.8(OH)0.2, isomorphous with titanite. Acta Crystallographica C63, i89-i90

Yang H, Li C, Jenkins R A, Downs R T, Costin G (2007). Kolbeckite, ScPO4·2H2O, isomorphous with metavariscite. Acta Crystallographica C63, i91-i92

Yang H, Lu R, Downs R T, Costin G (2006). Goethite, α–FeO(OH), from single-crystal data. Acta Crystallographica E62, i250-i252.

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