In Whole Earth Systems, we explore the exchange of mass and energy between the Earth’s deep interior and its surface.  We are particularly interested in the role of the deep Earth in controlling long term climate evolution, the formation of continents, the chemical differentiation of the Earth, chemical and physical weathering, and the origin and evolution of life.  At the same time, we are interested in surface effects, such as surface temperature, biology, and fluid-rock interaction, on the dynamics of the Earth’s interior.  A key component of our research is tracking the cycling of volatiles, such as hydrogen, carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, etc., from the deep Earth to the atmosphere and back into the deep Earth.  See

Dasgupta, Gonnermann, Lee, Lenardic, Torres, Yeung