New Micro-XRF installed – time to play!

A new micro-XRF element mapper (Horiba XGT 7000) has been installed on the third floor. This instrument excites atoms using a Rhodium x-ray source and measures the energy of the re-emitted x-rays using energy dispersive spectrometry. This instrument generates qualitative elemental maps at 50 or 100 micron spatial resolution and can handle sample sizes up to 10 […]


Lee, C.-T A., Yeung, L. Y., McKenzie, N. R., Yokoyama, Y., Ozaki, K., Lenardic, A., Two-step rise in atmospheric oxygen is an inevitable consequence of the growth of granitic continents and continental carbonates, submitted.

*He, D., Lee, C.-T. A., Yu, X., Farner, M., 2015, Ge/Si partitioning in igneous systems: constraints from high mass resolution laser ablation ICP-MS measurements on natural samples, submitted.

*Farner, M. J., Lee, C.-T. A., Mikus, M. L., Mafic-felsic magma interaction: a case study of mafic enclaves from the Bernasconi Hills pluton, Peninsular Ranges, California, submitted.

McKenzie, N. R., Horton, B. K., Loomis, S. E., Stockli, D. F., Lee, C.-T. A., 2015, Continental arc volcanism as a driver of icehouse–greenhouse variability: a 720 Myr record, submitted.

*Erdman, M. E., Lee, C.-T. A., Levander, A., Jiang, H., 2015, Dual uplift history of the Colorado Plateau due to arc magmatism and lower crustal foundering, submitted.


118. *Jiang, H., Lee, C.-T. A., Morgan, J. K., Ross, C. H., 2015, Geochemistry and thermodynamics of an earthquake: a case study of pseudotachylites within mylonitic granitoid, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 430:235-248.

117. Lee, C.-T. A., N. R. McKenzie, 2015, Rise of the continents, Nature Geoscience 8:506-507, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2466.

116. *Yu, X., Lee, C.-T. A., Chen, L.-H., Zeng, G., 2015, Magmatic recharge in continental flood basalts: insights from the Chifeng igneous province, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, DOI: 10.1002/2015GC005805.

115. Lee, C-T A, Thurner, S., Paterson, S., Cao, W., 2015, The rise and fall of continental arcs: interplays between magmatism, uplift, weathering, and climate, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.045.

114. Lee, C-T A and Anderson, D., 2015, Continental crust formation at arcs, the arclogite “delamination” cycle, and one origin for fertile melting anomalies in the mantle, Science Bulletin DOI:10.1007/s11434-015-0828-6

113. *Shu, X-J., Lee, C.-T. A., 2015, Sulfur and major element determination by laser ablation high resolution magnetic sector ICP-MS applied to glasses, aphyric lavas, and micro-laminated sediments, Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, DOI 10.1007/s11631-015-0051-9.

112. *Chin, E. J., Lee, C-T A, Blichert-Toft, J., 2015, Geochronologic constraints on the thermal evolution of the deep lithosphere beneath continental arcs, Geochemical Perspectives Letters 1:20-32; doi:10.7185/geochemlet.1503.

111. Lee, C-T A, Morton, D. M., Farner, M. J., Moitra, P., 2015, Field and model constraints on silicic melt segregation by compaction/hindered settling: The role of water and its effect on latent heat release, American Mineralogist;

110. *Le Roux, V., Dasgupta, R., Lee, C.-T. A., 2015, Recommended mineral-melt partition coefficients for FRTEs (Cu), Ga and Ge during mantle melting, American Mineralogist;

109. *Dong, L., Shen, B., Lee, C.-T. A., Shu, X., Peng, Y., Sun, Y., Tang, Z., Rong, H., Lang, X., Ma, H., Yang, F., Guo, W., 2015, Germanium/silicon of the Ediacaran-Cambrian Laobao cherts: Implications for bedded chert formation and paleoenvironment interpretations, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems; DOI: 10.1002/2014GC005595.

108. *Ding, S., Dasgupta, R., Lee, C.-T. A., Wadhwa, M., 2015, New bulk sulfur measurements of Martian meteorites and modeling the fate of sulfur during melting and crystallization-Implications for sulfur transfer from Martian mantle to crust-atmosphere system, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 409: 157-167.

107. Lee, C-T A, and Lackey, J. S., 2015, Arc magmatism, crustal carbonates, and long-term climate variability, Elements 11:125-130.

106. Zheng, J. P., Lee, C.-T. A., Lu, J. G., Zhao, J. H., Wu, Y. B., Xia, B., Li, X. Y., Zhang, J. F., Liu, Y. S., 2015, Refertilization-driven destabilization of subcontinental mantle and the importance of initial lithospheric thickness for the fate of continents, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 409: 225-231.

105. Lee, C-T A, Morton, D. M., 2015, High silica granites: terminal porosity and crystal settling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 409:23-31.



104. Nielsen, S. G., Shimizu, N., Lee, C.-T. A., Behn, M. D., 2014, Chalcophile behavior of thallium during MORB melting and implications for the sulfur content of the mantle, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 15; doi:10.1002/2014GC005536.

103. Barnes, J. D., Beltrando, M., Lee, C.-T. A., Cisneros, M., Loewy, S., Chin, E., 2014, Geochemistry of Alpine serpentinites from rifting to subduction: a view across paleogeographic domains and metamorphic grade, Chemical Geology 389:29-47.

102. *Erdman, M., Lee, C-T A, 2014, Implications and limitations of buoyancy-driven exhumation of high-pressure and ultrahigh-pressure terranes, Earth-Science Reviews 139:33-46.

101. Karlstrom, L., Lee, C-T A, Manga, M, 2014, The role of magmatic crustal thickening on arc front migration, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 15: doi:10.1002/2014GC005355.

100. Albarede, F., Albalat, E., Lee, C-T A, 2014, An intrinsic volatility scale relevant to the Earth and Moon and the status of water in the Moon, Meteoritics and Planetary Sciences 1-10; doi:10.1111/maps.12331.

99. Huang, S., Lee, C.-T. A., Yin, Q.-Z., 2014, Missing lead and high 3He/4He in ancient sulfides associated with continent formation, Scientific Reports 4(5314); doi:10.1038/srep05314

98. Lee, C.-T. A., Chin, E. J., 2014, Calculating melting temperatures and pressures of peridotite protoliths: implications for the origin of cratonic mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.06.048.    click here for program

97. Clausen, B. L., Morton, D. M., Kistler, R. W., Lee, C.-T. A., 2014, Low initial-Sr felsic plutons of the northwestern Peninsular Ranges batholith, southern California, and the role of mafic felsic magma mixing in continental crust formation, Geol. Soc. Am. Mem. 211, 317-344, doi:10.1130/2014.1211(08).

96. Morton, D. M., Miller, F. K., Kistler, R. W., Premo, W. R., Lee-, C.-T. A., Langenheim, V. E., Wooden, J. L., Snee, L. W., Clausen, B. L., Cossette, P., 2014, Framework and petrogenesis of the northern Peninsular ranges batholith, southern California, Geol. Soc. Am. Mem. 211:61-143, doi:10.1130/2014.1211(03).

95. Thurner, S., Palomeras, I., Levander, A., Carbonell, R., Lee, C.-T., 2014, Evidence for ongoing lithospheric removal in the western Mediterranean: Ps receiver function results from the PICASSO project, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15:1113-1127, doi:10.1002/2013GC005124.

94. *Farner, M. J., Lee, C.-T. A., Putirka, K. D., 2014, Mafic-felsic magma mixing limited by reactive processes: a case study of biotite-rich rinds on mafic enclaves, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 393:49-59;

93. Lee, C.-T. A., Bachmann, O., 2014, How important is the role of crystal fractionation in making intermediate magmas? Insights from Zr and P systematics, Earth Planet Sci. Letters, 393:266-274;

92. *Chin, E. J., Lee, C.-T. A., Barnes, J., 2014, Thickening, refertilization, and the deep lithosphere filter in continental arcs: constraints from major and trace elements and oxygen isotopes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.397:184-200;

91. Lee, C-T A, 2014, The physics and chemistry of recycling lower continental crust, Treatise of Geochemistry, 2nd edition,

90. *Erdman, M., Lee, C.-T. A., Yang, W., Ingram, L., 2014, Sulfur concentration in rock standard reference materials by solution ICP-MS, Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 38:51-60, DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2013.00226.x.


89. Lee, C-T A, 2013, Copper conundrums, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo2039.

88. $Shen, B., Wimpenny, J., Lee, C.-T. A., Yin, Q.-Z., Tollstrup, D., 2013, Magnesium isotope systematics of endoskarns: implications for wallrock reaction in magma chambers, Chemical Geology 356: 209-214.

87. Lee, C.-T. A., Lee, T.-C., Wu, C.-T., 2013, Modeling the compositional evolution of recharging, evacuating, and fractionating (REFC) magma chambers: implications for differentiation of arc magmas, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta,

86. Buono, A. S., Dasgupta, R., Lee, C.-T. A., Walker, D., 2013, Siderophile element partitioning between cohenite and liquid in the Fe-Ni-S-C system and implications for geochemistry of planetary cores and mantles, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 120:239-250;

85. Barnes, J. D., Eldam, R., Lee, C.-T. A., Errico, J. C., Loewy, S., Cisneros, M., 2013, Petrogenesis of serpentinites from the Franciscan complex, western California, USA, Lithos,

84. Nielsen, S., Lee, C.-T., 2013, Determination of thallium in the USGS glass reference materials BIR-1g, BHVO-2g and BCR2g and application to quantitative Tl concentrations by LA-ICP-MS, Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research; doi: 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2012.00203.x

83. *Chin, E. J., Lee, C.-T. A., Tollstrup, D. L., Xie, L.-W., Wimpenny, J. B., Yin, Q.-Z. 2013.  On the origin of hot metasedimentary quartzites in the lower crust, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 361: 120-133.

82. Albarede, F., Ballhaus, C., Blichert-Toft, J., Lee, C.-T., Marty, B., Moynier, F., Yin, Q.Z. 2013. Asteroidal impacts and the origin of terrestrial and lunar volatiles.  Icarus 222(10):44-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.10.026.

81. Lee, C.-T. A., Shen, B., Slotnick, B., Liao, K., Dickens, G., Yokoyama, Y., Lenardic, A., Dasgupta, R., Jellinek, M., Lackey, J. S., Schneider, T., Tice, M., 2013, Continental arc-island arc fluctuations, growth of crustal carbonates and long-term climate change, Geosphere 9 (doi:10.1130/GES00822.1).

80.*Liao, K., Morton, D. M., Lee, C.-T. A., 2013, Geochemical Diagnostics of Metasedimentary Dark Enclaves: a Case Study from the Peninsular Ranges Batholith, California, International Geology Review, 55: 1049-1072, DOI:10.1080/00206814.2012.753684.


79. Jenniskens, P., Fries, M. D., Yin, Q.-Z., Zolensky, M., Krot, A. N., Sandford, S. A., Sears, D., Beauford, R., Ebel, D. S., Friedrich, J. M., Nagashima, K., Wimpenny, J., Yamakawa, A., Nishiizumi, K., Hamajima, Y., Caffee, M. W., Welten, K. C., Laubenstein, M., Davis, A. M., Simon, S. B., Heck, P. R., Young, E. D., Kohl, I. E., Thiemens, M. H., Nunn, M. H., Mikouchi, T., Hagiya, K., Ohsumi, K., Cahill, T. A., Lawton, J. A., Barnes, D., Steele, A., Rochette, P., Verosub, K. L., Gattacceca, J., Cooper, G., Glavin, D. P., Burton, A. S., Dworkin, J. P., Elsila, J. E., Pizzarello, S., Ogliore, R., Schmitt-Kopplin, P., Harir, M., Hertkorn, N., Verchovsky, A., Grady, M., Nagao, K., Okazaki, R., Takechi, H., Hiroi, T., Smith, K., Silber, E. A., Brown, P. G., Albers, J., Klotz, D., Hankey, M., Matons, R., Fries, J. A., Walker, R. J., Puchtel, I., Lee, C.-T. A., Erdman, M. E., Eppich, G. R., Roeske, S., Gabelica, Z., Lerche, M., Nuevo, M., Girten, B., Worden, S. P. and (the Sutter’s Mill Meteorite Consortium). 2012. Radar enabled recovery of Sutter’s Mill, a carbonaceous chondrite regolith breccia, Science 338: 1583-1587.

78. Leeman, W. P., MacRae, C. M., Wilson, N. C., Torpy, A., Lee, C.-T. A., Student, J. J., Thomas, J. B., Vicenzi, E. P., 2012, A study of cathodoluminescence and trace element compositional zoning in natural quartz from volcanic rocks: mapping Titanium content in quartz, Microscopy and Microanalysis 18: 1-20; doi:10.1017/S1431927612013426.

77. Gazel, E., Plank, T., Forsyth, D., Bendersky, C., Lee, C.-T. A., Hauri, E., 2012, Lithosphere versus asthenosphere mantle sources at the Big Pine volcanic field, California. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 13(1): Q0AK06, doi:10.1029/2012GC004060.

76. Tollstrup, D. L., Xie, L.-W., Wimpenny, J. B., Chin, E. J., Lee, C.-T., Yin, Q.-Z., 2012, A trio of laser ablation in concert with two ICP-MSs: simultaneous, pulse-by-pulse determination of U-Pb discordant ages and a single spot Hf isotope ratio analysis in complex zircons from petrographic thin sections, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 13; Q03017, doi:10.1029/2011GC004027.

75. Lee, C.-T. A., P. Luffi, Chin, E. J., Bouchet, R., Dasgupta, R., Morton, D. M., Le Roux, V., Yin, Q.-Z., Jin, D., 2012. Copper systematics in arc magmas and implications for crust-mantle differentiation. Science 336:64-68.

74. Lee, C-T A, Grand, S. P., 2012, Intraplate volcanism, Nature 482:314-315.

73. *Chin, E. J., Lee, C-T A, Luffi, P, Tice, M, 2012, Deep lithospheric thickening and refertilization beneath continental arcs: case study of the P, T and compositional evolution of peridotite xenoliths from the Sierra Nevada, California, J. Petrology 53:477-511.

72. Mittlefehldt, D. W., Beck, A. W., Lee, C.-T. A., McSween, H. Y., Jr., Buchanan, P. C., 2012, Compositional constraints on the genesis of diogenites, Meteoritics and Planetary Science 47: 72-98.


71. Lenardic, A., Moresi, L., Jellinek, A. M., O’Neill, C. J., Cooper, C. M., Lee, C.-T., 2011, Continents, supercontinents, mantle thermal mixing, and mantle thermal isolation: theory, numerical simulations, and laboratory experiments, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 12: Q10016; doi:10.1029/2011GC003663.

70. Nielsen, S. G., Goff, M., Hesselbo, S. P., Jenkyns, H. C., LaRowe, D. E., Lee, C.-T. A.,2011,  Thallium isotopes in early diagenetic pyrite – a paleoredox proxy? Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 75: 6690-6704.

69. Beck, A. W., Mittlefehldt, D. W., McSween, Jr., H. Y., Rumble, D., Lee, C.-T. A., Bodnar, R. J., 2011, MIL 03443, a dunite from asteroid 4 Vesta: evidence for its classification and cumulate origin, Meteoritics and Planetary Science 46: 1133-1151. Doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01219.x

68. $Le Roux, V., Dasgupta, R., Lee, C.-T. A., 2011, Mineralogical heterogeneities in the Earth’s mantle: constraints from Mn, Co, Ni and Zn partitioning during partial melting, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 307:395-408.

67. *Watt, N. J., Bouchet, R., Lee, C.-T. A., 2011, Exploration of tektite formation processes through water and metal content measurements, Meteoritics and Planetary Science; 46:1025-1032; DOI: 10.1111/j.1945-5100.2011.01207.x

66. Righter, K., King, C., Danielson, L., Pando, K., Lee, C.-T. A., 2011, Experimental determination of the metal/silicate partition coefficient of Germanium: implications for core and mantle differentiation, Earth Planetary Science Letters 304:379-388.

65. Levander, A., Schmandt, B., Miller, M. S., Liu, K., Karlstrom, K. E., Crow, R. S., Lee, C.-T. A., Humphreys, E. D., 2011, Continuing Colorado Plateau uplift by delamination-style convective lithospheric downwelling, Nature 472:461-466; doi:10.1038/nature100001.

64. *Dyer, B., Lee, C.-T. A., Leeman, W. P., Tice, M., 2011, Open-system behavior during pluton-wallrock interaction as constrained from a study of endoskarns in the Sierra Nevada batholith, J. Petrology, 52(10): 1987-2008; doi:10.1093/petrology/egr037.

63. Lee, C.-T. A., Luffi, P., Chin, E., 2011, Building and destroying continental mantle, Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences 39:59-90.

62. Danadurai, S. K., Chellam, S., Lee, C.-T., Fraser, M., 2011, Trace elemental analysis of airborne particulate matter using dynamic reaction cell ICP-MS: application to monitoring episodic industrial emission events, Analytica Chimica Acta, 686: 40-49.

61. $Shen, B., Lee, C.-T. A., Xiao, S., 2011, Germanium/silica ratios in diagenetic chert nodules from the Ediacaran Doushantou Formation, South China, Chemical Geology 280:323-335.



60. Lee, C-T A, Luffi, P, Le Roux, V, Dasgupta, R, Albarede, F., Leeman, W., 2010, The redox state of arc mantle using Zn/Fe systematics, Nature 468:681-685, doi:10.1038/nature09617

59. Blichert-Toft, J., Moynier, F., Lee, C-.T. A., Telouk, P., Albarede, F., 2010, The early formation of IVA iron meteorite parent body, Earth Planetary Science Letters 296: 469-480; doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.05.036.

58.  $Le Roux, V., Lee, C-T A, Turner, S., 2010, Zn/Fe systematics in mafic and ultramafic systems: implications for detecting major element heterogeneities in the Earth’s mantle, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 74:2779-2796.

57. Righter, K., Pando, K., Danielson, L. R., Lee, C.-T., 2010, Partitioning of Mo, P and other siderophile elements (Cu, Ga, Sn, Ni Co, Cr, Mn, V, W) between metal and silicate melt as a function of temperature and melt composition, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291:1-9.

56. Lee, C-T A, Luffi, P., Höink, T., Li, J., Dasgupta, R., Hernlund, J., 2010, Upside-down differentiation and generation of a “primordial” lower mantle, Nature 463:930-933, doi:10.1038/naturee08824.

55. Dasgupta, R., Jackson, M. G., Lee, C.-T. A., 2010, Major element mantle heterogeneity constrained by chemistry of ocean island basalts, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 289:377-392.

54.  *Little, M. G., Lee, C.-T. A., 2010, Distribution of labile elements in an andosol soil profile from Mount Meru, Tanzania, Journal of African Earth Sciences; 57:444-454; doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2009.12.001



53. $Shen, B., Jacobsen, B., Lee, C.-T. A., Yin, Q.-Z., Morton, D. M., 2009, The Mg isotopic systematics of granitoids in continental arcs and implications for the role of chemical weathering in crust formation, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:20652-20657; doi:10.1073/pnas.0910663106.

52. *Young, H. P., Lee, C.-T. A., 2009, Fluid-metasomatized mantle beneath the Ouachita belt of southern Laurentia: fate of lithospheric mantle in a continental orogenic belt, Lithosphere 1: 370-383.

51. *Horodyskyj, U., Lee, C.-T. A., Luffi, P., 2009, Geochemical evidence for exhumation of eclogite via serpentinite channels in ocean-continent subduction zones, Geosphere 5: 426-438; doi:10.1130/GES00502.1.

50. Savov, I. P., Leeman, W. P., Lee, C.-T. A., Shirey, S. B., 2009, Boron isotopic variations in NW USA rhyolites: Yellowstone, Snake River Plain, Eastern Oregon, J. Volcanology and Geothermal Research 188: 162-172; doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.03.008.      

49. Debaille, V., Tronnes, R. G., Brandon, A. D., Waight, T. E., Graham, D. W., Lee, C.-T. A., 2009, Primitive off-rift basalts from Iceland and Jan Mayen: Os-isotopic evidence for a mantle source containing enriched subcontinental lithosphere, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 73: 3423-3449; doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.03.002.

48. Canil, D., Lee, C.-T. A., 2009, Were deep cratonic roots hydrated in Archean oceans? Geology 37:667-670. Doi: 10.1130/G25610A.1

47. $Luffi, P., Saleeby, J., Lee, C.-T. A., Ducea, M. N., 2009, Lithospheric mantle duplex beneath the central Mojave Desert revealed by xenoliths from Dish Hill, California, J. Geophysical Research, 114: B03202, doi:10.1029/2008JB005906.

46. Lee, C.-T. A., $Luffi, P., Plank, T., *Dalton, H. A., Leeman, W. P., 2009, Constraints on the depths and temperatures of basaltic magma generation on Earth and other terrestrial planets using new thermobarometers for mafic magmas, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 279:20-33.

                                       click here for program


45. Lee, C-T A, *Oka, M, Luffi, P, Agranier, A., 2008, Internal distribution of Li and B in serpentinites from the Feather River Ophiolite, California based on laser ablation ICP-MS, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 9: doi:10.1029/2008GC002078.

44. *Li, Z-X A, Lee, C-T A, Peslier, A, Lenardic, A, Mackwell, S J, 2008, Water contents in mantle xenoliths from the Colorado Plateau and vicinity: implications for the rheology and hydration-induced thinning of continental lithosphere,  J. Geophys. Res. 113: doi:10.1029/2007JB005540.

43. Lee, C.-T. A ., Luffi, P., Höink, T., Li, Z.-X. A., Lenardic, A., 2008, The role of serpentine in preferential craton formation in the late Archean by lithosphere underthrusting, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 269: 96-104.

42. Lee, C-T A, Morton, D M, Little, M G, Kistler, R, Horodyskyj, U, Leeman, W P, Agranier, A, 2008, Regulating continent growth and composition by chemical weathering, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:4981-4985.

41. $Höink, T., Lee, C.-T. A., Hawthorne, J., Lenardic, A., 2008, Paleo-viscometry of magma bodies, Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 267:100-106.

40. $Miller, M. S., Lee, C.-T. A., 2008, Possible chemical modification of oceanic lithosphere by hotspot magmatism: seismic evidence from the junction of Ninetyeast Ridge and the Sumatra-Andaman arc, Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 265: 386-395.

39. *Nijjer, S., Rogers, W. E., Lee, C.-T. A., Siemann, E., 2008, The effects of soil biota and fertilization on the success of Sapium sebiferum, Applied Soil Ecology 38: 1-11.



38. Courtier, A. M., Jackson, M. G., Lawrence, J. F., Wang, Z., Lee, C.-T. A., Halama, R., Warren, J. M., Workman, R., Xu, W., Hirschmann, M. M., Larson, A. M., Hart, S. R., Lithgow-Bertelloni, C., Stixrude, L., Chen, W.-P., 2007, Correlation of seismic and petrologic thermometers suggests deep thermal anomalies beneath hotspots, Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 264: 308-316.

37. Lee, C.-T. A., Morton, D. M., Kistler, R. W., Baird, A. K., 2007, Petrology and tectonics of Phanerozoic continent formation: from island arcs to accretion and continental arc magmatism, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 263: 370-387.

data file

36. $Agranier, A., Lee, C.-T. A., Li, Z.-X. A., Leeman, W. P., 2007, Fluid mobile element budgets in serpentinized oceanic lithospheric mantle: insights from B, As, Li, Pb, PGEs and Os isotopes in the Feather River Ophiolite, California, Chem. Geol. 245: 230-241.

35. $O’Neill, C., Lenardic, A., Moresi, L., Torsvik, T. & Lee, C.-T. A., 2007, Episodic Precambrian subduction, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 262: 552-562.

34. Lee, C-T A, Yin, Q.-Z., Lenardic, A, Agranier, A., O’Neill, C J, Thiagarajan, N., 2007, Trace-element composition of Fe-rich residual liquids formed by fractional crystallization: implications for the Hadean magma ocean, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 71:3601-3615.

33. $Agranier, A., Lee, C.-T. A., 2007, Quantifying trace-element disequilibria in mantle xenoliths and abyssal peridotites, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 257: 290-298.

32. *Horodyskyj, U., Lee, C-T A, Ducea, M N, 2007, Similarities between Archean high MgO eclogites and Phanerozoic arc-eclogite cumulates and the role of arcs in Archean continent formation, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 256: 510-520.

31. Lee, C.-T. A., Chen, W.-P., 2007, Possible density segregation of subducted oceanic lithosphere along a weak serpentinite layer and implications for compositional stratification of the Earth’s mantle, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 255: 357-366.

30. Lee, C-T A, Harbert, A, Leeman, W P, 2007, Extension of lattice strain theory to mineral/mineral rare-earth element partitioning: a tool for assessing disequilibrium and developing internally consistent partition coefficients between olivine, orthoyproxene, clinopyroxene and basaltic melt, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.09.014, v. 71: 481-496.



29.  Ott, U., Yin, Q.-Z., Lee, C. T., 2006, s-Process signatures in bulk presolar silicon carbide: a multi-element study, Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana, 77:891-896.

28. *Little, M. G., and Lee, C-T A, 2006, On the formation of an inverted weathering profile on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: buried paleosol or groundwater weathering? Chemical Geology 235:205-221; doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2006.06.012.

27. *Li, Z-X A, and Lee, C-T A, 2006, Geochemical investigation of serpentinized oceanic lithospheric mantle in the Feather River Ophiolite, California: implications for the recycling rate of water by subduction, Chemical Geology 235: 161-185.

26. Yin, Q.-Z., Lee, C-T A, Ott, U., 2006, Signatures of the s-process in presolar silicon carbide grains: barium through hafnium, Astrophysical Journal 647:676-684.

25. Levander, A., Niu, F., Lee, C.-T. A., Cheng, X., 2006, Imag(in)ing the continental lithosphere, Tectonophysics 416: 167-185.

24. Lee C.-T. A. (2006) Geochemical/petrologic constraints on the origin of cratonic mantle. In Archean geodynamics and environments, Vol. 164 (ed. K. Benn, J.-C. Mareschal, and K. C. Condie), pp. 89-114. American Geophysical Union Monograph.

23. Lee, C-T A, Cheng, X., Horodyskyj, U., 2006, The development and refinement of continental arcs by primary basaltic magmatism, garnet pyroxenite accumulation, basaltic recharge and delamination: insights from the Sierra Nevada, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 151:222-242; (DOI 10.1007/s00410-005-0056-1).



22. Lee, C.-T. A., 2005, Trace-element evidence for hydrous metasomatism at the base of the North American lithosphere and possible association with Laramide low angle subduction, Journal of Geology 113:673-685.

21. Lee, C.-T. A., Leeman, W. P., Canil, D., Li, Z.X.A., 2005, Similar V/Sc systematics in MORB and arc basalts: implications for the oxygen fugacities of their mantle source regions, Journal of Petrology 46 (11): 2313-2336.

20. Liu, Y., Shan, G., Lee, C.-T. A., Hu, S., Liu, X., Honglin, Y., 2005, Melt-peridotite interactions: links between garnet pyroxenite and high-Mg# signature of continental crust, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 234, 39-57.

19. Lee, C.-T. A., Lenardic, A., Cooper, C., Niu, F., Levander A., 2005, The role of chemical boundary layers in regulating the thickness of continental and oceanic thermal boundary layers, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 230, 379-395.

18. *Li, Z.X.A., Lee, C.-T. A., 2004, The constancy of upper mantle fO2 through time inferred from V/Sc ratios in basalts, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.. 228, 483-493.

17. *Thiagarajan, N., Lee, C.-T. A., 2004, Trace-element evidence for the origin of desert varnish by direct aqueous atmospheric deposition, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 224: 131-141.

16. F. Niu, A. Levander, C.M. Cooper, C.-T. A. Lee, A. Lenardic, D.E. James, 2004, Seismic Constraints on the Depth and Composition of the Mantle Keel beneath the Kaapvaal Craton, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 224: 337-346.

15. Schmitz, B., Peucker-Ehrenbrink, B., Heilmann-Clausen, C., Aberg, G., Asaro, F., Lee, C.-T. A., Basaltic explosive volcanism, but no comet impact, at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary: high-resolution chemical and isotopic records from Egypt, Spain and Denmark, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 225: 1-17.

14. Lee, C.-T. A., 2004 Are the core and mantle on speaking terms?, Science 306:64-65.


13. Lee, C.-T. A., Compositional variation of density and seismic velocities in natural peridotites at STP conditions: Implications for seismic imaging of compositional heterogeneities in the upper mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B9), 2441, doi:10.1029/2003JB002413, 2003.

12. Lee, C-T A, Brandon, A. D., Norman, M., 2003, Vanadium in peridotites as a proxy for paleo-fO2 during partial melting: prospects, limitations, and implications, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 67:3045-3064.

11. C.-T.A. Lee, G.J. Wasserburg and F.T. Kyte, Platinum group elements (PGE) and rhenium in marine sediments across the Cretaceous-Tertiay boundary: constraints on Re-PGE transport in the marine environment, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67, 655-670, 2003.


10. Lee, C-T A., 2002, Platinum-group element geochemistry of peridotite xenoliths from the Sierra Nevada and the Basin and Range, California, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66: 3987-4005.

9. Rudnick, R. L., Lee, C-T, 2002, Osmium isotope constraints on the tectonic evolution of the lithosphere in the southwestern United States, International Geology Review, 44:501-511.


8. Lee, C-T, Rudnick, R L, and Brimhall, G. H., Jr., 2001, Deep lithospheric dynamics beneath the Sierra Nevada during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic as inferred from xenolith petrology, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 2, 2001GC000152.

7. Q.Z. Yin, S.B. Jacobsen, C.-T. Lee, W.F. McDonough, R.L. Rudnick and I. Horn, A gravimetric K2OsCl6 standard: application to precise and accurate Os spike calibration, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 65, 2113-2127, 2001.

6. Lee, C-T , Yin, Q-Z, Rudnick, R L, Jacobsen, S B, 2001, Preservation of ancient and fertile lithospheric mantle beneath the southwestern United States, Nature 411, 69-73.  

5. Lee, C-T, Yin, Q-Z, Lee, T-C, 2001, An internal normalization technique for unmixing total-spiked mixtures with application to MC-ICP-MS, Computers and Geosciences 27, 577-581.


4. Lee, C-T, Yin, Q-Z, Rudnick, R L, Chesley, J T, Jacobsen, S B, 2000, Os isotopic evidence for Mesozoic removal of lithospheric mantle beneath the Sierra Nevada, California, Science 289: 1912-1916.

3. C.-T. Lee, R.L. Rudnick, W.F. McDonough and I. Horn, Petrologic and geochemical investigation of carbonates in peridotite xenoliths from northeastern Tanzania, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 139, 470-484, 2000.


2. C.-T. Leeand R.L. Rudnick, Compositionally stratified cratonic lithosphere: petrology and geochemistry of peridotite xenoliths from the Labait Volcano, Tanzania, in: Proc. VIIth International Kimberlite Conference, B. J. Dawson volume, J.J. Gurney, J.L. Gurney, M.D. Pascoe and S.R. Richardson, eds., pp. 503-521, 1999.  

1. Chesley, J T, Rudnick, R L, and Lee, C-T, 1999, Re-Os systematics of mantle xenoliths from the East African Rift: age, structure, and history of the Tanzanian craton, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 63:1203-1217.

Opinions and essays (non peer-reviewed)

7. Lee, C.-T., 2012, Acceptance of the 2009 FW Clarke Award. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 89:346-348.
6. Lee, C.-T., 2009, Book Review: Isotope Geology, Elements 5:331.
5. Lee, C.-T. 2009. Book Review: Quantitative Geochemistry, Geochemical Society, Geochemical Newsletter 139.

4. Lee, C.-T. 2009. “Lee receives 2008 Hisashi Kuno Award”, EOS Transactions, 90(11).

3. Lee, C.-T. 2007. “Rudnick receives N.L. Bowen award”, EOS Transactions, 88(8):98-99.

2. Lee, C.-T., Little, M. G., 2006, Historically exploited should not be mocked, Letter to the Editor in The Rice Thresher, Sep 29, 2006.

1. Simons, F. J., Becker, T. W., Kellogg, J. B., Billen, M., Hardebeck, J., Lee, C.-T. A., Montesi, L. G. J., Panero, W., Zhong, S., 2004, Young solid earth researchers of the world unite! EOS Transactions, AGU, Vol. 85, Issue 16, 160-161. doi:10.1029/2004EO160011

Publications in ornithology


18. Lee, C-T, 2011, Answers to the January Photo Quiz, Hard Shorebirds, Birding 43:54-57.

17. *Lee, C-T A, Wen, Y-Y, 2010, Breeding-plumaged Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea in Taiwan during the northern winter, Birding Asia Bulletin of the Oriental Bird Club 13:79.

16. Lee, C.-T., Wen, Y.-Y., 2009, The natural history of the Galapagos Islands, Natura-Aviflora Press, 156 pages, ISBN-13: 978-0-9842192-0-9.

15. *Lee, C-T A, Birch, A, Hveding, H., 2009, ID av bekkasinsniper – ett steg videre, FeltOrnitologen, in press.

14. *Lee, C-T, Birch, A, Eubanks, T., 2008, Advances in the field identification of Western and Eastern Wood-Pewees, Birding 40: 34-40.

13.  *Lee, C-T and Birch, A, 2006, Advances in the field Identification of North American dowitchers, Birding 38:34-43.

12. *Lee, C-T and Birch, A, 2002, Notes on the distribution, vagrancy, and field identification of American Pipit and “Siberian Pipit”, North American Birds 56:388-398.

11. *Lee, C-T and Birch, A. 2001, Wing covert pattern as a diagnostic feature in identifying immature and female Bullock’s and Baltimore Orioles: reply to A. Jaramillo, “Wing covert pattern as an aid to identifying female and immature Bullock’s and Baltimore Orioles-Another look”, Birding, 33: 64-68.

10. *Lee, C-T and Shany, N 1998, Birding Taiwan, Birding 30:492-503.

9. *Lee, C-T and Birch A, 1998, Field identification of female and immature Bullock’s and Baltimore Orioles, Birding 30: 282-295.

8. *Lee, C-T and Birch A, 1998, Answers to the June photo quiz, Birding 30: 296-298.

7. *Birch, A. and Lee, C-T, 1997, Field identification of Arctic and Pacific Loons, Birding 29: 106-115.

6. Lee, C-T, 1996, Birding Taiwan: 1996 report. In Foreign Field Note Series, American Birding Association.

5. *Lee, C-T, 1995, “Birdwatching in Riverside, California”, San Bernardino County Museum Association, Redlands, volume 42, 218 pp., 117 figures.

4. *Birch, A and Lee, C-T, 1995, Identification of the Pacific Diver – a potential vagrant to Europe, Birding World 8:458-466.

3. Lee, C-T, 1994, A teenaged birder’s syndrome, A Bird’s Eye-view 2:6.

2. *Lee, C-T, 1994, More records of breeding Barn Swallows in Riverside, California, Western Birds 26:155-156.

1. Lee, C-T, 1994, Birding Taiwan: Trip report from summer 1994. In Foreign Field Note Series, American Birding Association